If you own a house with a large garden, then you are a lucky person and you should take advantage of this. Not everyone can enjoy outdoor space around their homes, which is why you have to make the best out of yours. Of course, gardens are the ideal location during the warm season, but how about when the weather gets chilly? As long as the sun is still up, you should be able to enjoy fresh air if you decide to install a marquee. This temporary construction will provide you a shelter on hot days when the sun is burning, but also in colder afternoons when the air gets cool. So in case you are interested in such a project, visit www.eventinteriors.com or read on to find some relevant details that may help you make an informed decision.
When experiencing issues with their teeth people go for a check at their doctor, and in the majority of cases, they find out that they need teeth fillings, and they have to choose between many types. Some of the doctors suggest their patients a certain type of fillings, with which they are more accustomed, but others choose to share their patients the advantages and drawbacks of every of the filling types and let the person decide which one they should have. It is recommended to collaborate with a doctor, which allows you to choose. Every of the teeth fillings have their advantages, but in this article you will find which is the main difference between Ottawa dental white fillings and all the other types.
They look more naturalThe greatest advantage of white fillings is that they look natural and you will have no troubles in hiding the fact that you experienced a tooth problem. Therefore, if you choose this option you will feel comfortable to smile even if you have fillings at your front teeth.
They are not more expensive that other fillingsThe costs of white fillings could vary from dentist to dentist. However, usually the price is according to the type and size of the fillings, and the time to apply them, because in some cases it might take longer. Your doctor will be able to state you what is the different in price between white fillings and any other fillings, but regularly they are not more expensive than other types.
StrengthUntil recent days it was considered that the white fillings are not as strong as the gold ones for example, but now there are new materials on the market and when compared with other fillings they prove to be as good as them, or even better. The life expectancy of your fillings will depend on the health of your mouth and the state of the other teeth. Depending on your conditions, your dentist might suggest you a special type of care to maintain the state of your fillings.
What other advantages they haveAs stated before the biggest advantage is that they are white, and no one will notice them. Depending on the colour of your natural teeth, the dentist could customise the colours according to the shade of the tooth. The filling procedure is not as complex as you might believe, and you will be able to use them immediately after they have been placed in your mouth.
Shopping is definitely an enjoyable activity, but sometimes, you find yourself craving for some goods or services that are simple too expensive. Family expenses are often very high, which means that you can rarely allow yourself to satisfy your cravings. If you cannot afford, or you simply do not want to pay for some services that you consider completely overpriced, then you should try to make some smart deals. Look out for offers, coupons and discounts, and make wide investments – get what you want, but at the right time. Of course, it is very important to know where to look for Orange county discounts, because if you wander from store to store, the whole process will be a complete waste of time and energy. When it comes to buying or booking stuff, it seems that online shopping is the best thing you could do. Fortunately, nowadays there are plenty of dedicated web sites which gather information from the most popular stores and service providers, and inform you about the best discounts available at a certain moment. Here are some of the most popular things you are likely to get the best deals, if you shop wisely:
Clothes and accessoriesWhen it comes to shopping, the first thing that comes to people’s mind is definitely buying clothes. For this reason, many brick and mortar shops have also opened online stores. You can visit these and see if there is anything you like in particular or if there is an offer you are interested in. Afterwards, you can decide whether it is worth going to the actual store, or you just order the stuff you want and have them delivered directly at your door. What is actually great about these online platforms is that they are part of a network, and sometimes, even if you do not enter the web site, you will receive by email or text message notifications about current offers. In order for this to happen, you have to subscribe to their notification services and everything becomes much easier – you no longer have to look for discounts, because you will be informed automatically.
Health, fitness and beautyMost gyms, beauty salons and health centers have official pages, which means that you can use the online environment to get the best deals. By subscribing to a specialized online platform that also shows discounts in this sector, you can get the most affordable prices for massage sessions, fitness and training packs, beauty treatments, cosmetic sessions, nutrition programs, sports camps and so on.
Home restoration and improvementBelieve it or not, an online platform can help you save some money on home improvement. In case you are planning to start a restoration project involving painting, supply system installation, door or window replacement, furniture purchase or flooring, then you need to start looking for the best discounts on the dedicated market. The expenses will definitely add up, so the wisest thing is to hunt some discounts that will help you change the aspect of your house, without shrinking your budget.
Even though generally, during your first year you will probably be allocated other students to live with, there might come a time when you will rather find your own housemates and when it comes, these tips will help you find people to share your student accommodation Edinburgh with:
Consider the following questions to ask to potential housematesSince you will share a common space with a person, it is only natural for you to want to ask them about their hobbies and interests, their personal hygiene, if they have noisy friends or if they are smokers. Even though some of these questions may seem difficult to ask at first, you will find it much easier to live with someone closer to your own lifestyle than someone who is completely different than you. For instance, if you are a smoker who likes to play the guitar in his free time, choosing a non-smoker roommate who appreciates quiet because they have a strict study schedule or someone with a health condition such as asthma might be problematic in the future.
Ask the private accommodation to sort your roommates for youFor instance, you could request to only live with someone in the shame school year or with people of the same sex to avoid any complications throughout the year. Often times you will end up wanting to continue to live with those housemates, so by living with someone in the same year you are, you will be certain hey will not leave before you and thus end up in a situation where you have to look for new housemates again.
Post ads on your student websiteEvery university has an online platform that students can access to find out news from the campus, new schedules or post various ads. This is a great way to get in touch with new people, because many students looking for a new place to live check out these ads because they know they are likely to find a good offer. Of course, if you live in a private accommodation facility, you will probably not have to worry about posting ads, because the manager will find someone for you as soon as possible.
Inform accommodation managers if you want to stay with your friendsPrivate accommodation services can make the necessary arrangements if you have found the people you want to live with and make sure you will live in the same house or flat. This way if you want to stay with your friends or you have done a screening process yourself and now you want to make sure you will all end up in the same place, you will have the certainty that everything will go as planned. When you know the type of people you are looking for, it is just a matter of time before you find them. Keep in mind that you probably have your own flaws as well and that in the end, the small differences between you will have made the salt and pepper of your entire college experience.
Home-grown strawberries are nothing like those bought in the supermarket. Fruit that is found in the supermarket is treated with pesticides and it does not have the same flavour and freshness. Strawberries are incredibly versatile, which means that you can grow them either in the back garden or in small containers. These first-fruits of the summer are cold-hardy and very adaptable, so that they are literally ones of the easiest berries you can grow. If you too find the idea of having a supply of berries from a bed of strawberry plants, you will need to follow these instructions.
Getting the right plantsIf you want to get your hands on a specific variety, then you should check online and ask for a specific stock to be ordered in. What is equally helpful is getting the advice of a local garden centre regarding what type of fruit will best suit your local conditions. When should anyone buy strawberries? Ideally, you should buy the plants at the exact time that you intend to plant them. If you leave them too long in their pots, they will become root-bound and unhealthy. Growing strawberries require sun and acidic soil. Plant the strawberries six weeks before the last frost and use row covers to protect the new planting from cold weather. You also have the possibility of planting the fruit in the fall, which is actually a very common practice.
Types of strawberriesYou will have to determine which type of strawberry is suitable for your needs. There are three types of fruit from which you can choose, namely June-bearing, ever-bearing and alpine strawberries. June bearing strawberries will grow well in hardiness zones 6-10. The June fruiting variety will ensure you a large supply in early and midsummer, depending on the plant time. If you purchase this variety, then you will be able to cook the fruit or freeze it right away. Nonetheless, some varieties are more suitable for local conditions than others. You can learn how to grow strawberries that are ever-bearing strawberries because they produce a heavy set in the early summer and they also provide lighter flushes in late summer and fall. What they need is cool temperatures and you should make sure to regularly water and feed them. Last but not least, alpine strawberries are very small in size. They may be small, but they are surely tasty and the berries come in colours like red, white, and yellow. Even though most varieties do not produce runners, they do re-bloom intermittently all during summer.
How to plant strawberriesStart by choosing a sunny, fertile free site free of weeds. The strawberry patch will produce for about three to four years, so enriching the site with organic material is essential. While you can grow a few berries from seed, it is recommendable that you save time and use individual plants sold in bunches. Transplant each plant into a separate container and respect the same depth. The plants should be set about 18 to 30 inches apart and the rows should be 3 feet apart.
If your business demands you to travel to sign different contracts, then you definitely know the importance of early booking. You have to be sure that when you arrive in a foreign country, you have a place where to stay, a taxi which is waiting for you at the airport, and a chauffeur who is available to drive you to your meetings. You do not have time to waste trying to figure out where your hotel is, and where you have to meet with your partners, for you time is money so you should early book taxis in Broadstairs. In case you consider that you do not need the services of a professional company, because you can simply call a taxi, you should take a look at the advantages you will have if you choose to travel with a chauffeur car.
Comfortable travelChauffeur cars are designed for being booked by businessmen, and this means that you will benefit from a travel customised according to your needs. If you hire a company to offer you a car when you are in a business trip, you can be sure that a driver will wait for you after your business meetings, events, and conferences. In addition, they will be the ones who will wait for you at the airport, even if your flight has a delay, because they will search all the information regarding your travel, and they will take care to offer you high-class services. When you travel with a chauffeur car, not only that the driver will not be in a hurry to get you to your destination, and find other client, but also he will take care to offer you safety and comfort. Therefore, you can complete your work, talk to the phone, or read your notes, while he is driving you to your destination.
Reduced stress and tensionWhen you pick up a common taxi from the airport, you are not sure if the driver is experienced or not. But when you hire a company to offer you taxi services, you are sure that the driver will put your safety and comfort first. So, in this way you will be able to reduce the travel anxiety. When you are for the first time in a town, the travel from the airport to the hotel can be quite stressful because you do not know the road, but when travelling with a professional company, you only have to focus on the purpose of your journey, and relax. You can use their services also when you have to travel from your accommodation place to your business meetings, because it will help you reduce the stress of getting lost in an unknown town. The driver will be able to navigate the town’s layout and get you to your destination easily. He will not lose his way, because he knows these streets very well, and in case some streets are closed, he knows exactly what direction to take not to get you late. Chauffeur cars offer you reliability and security, so you should book one before traveling to a foreign country.
If you are one of those persons that have travelled to exotic Asian countries such as Thailand, there are high chances you have instantly fallen in love with this culture. This also counts for nearly anyone who visit this part of the world and return to their countries with those unique flavours and aromas in mind that they have tasted while being in Thailand. However, if you find a reliable Thai food shop where you can purchase the right ingredients, you can easily prepare those tasty dishes at home too. All you have to do is some research. Below is some useful information regarding the most common ingredients needed for preparing Thai dishes and where you can find them.
Common Thai ingredientsThai cuisine is mostly known for its spicy and special taste. For this reason, if you want to prepare some traditional Thai dishes at home, you should start with knowing the most common ingredients used in this cuisine. Some of them are Thai fish sauce, rice vinegar, curry paste, coconut milk and many fresh herbs. There are other ingredients too that make Thai dishes so unique. In order to impress your family and friends with a traditional Thai dish, you should not start cooking it without having proper ingredients.
Choose the right Thai storeIt is important to choose a reliable store that provides original Thai ingredients. You should bear in mind that some suppliers offer ingredients that are only Thai on the label, so you should definitely avoid those stores. It is recommended to do some research before resorting to a specific store, be it an online one or a physical one. Read some reliable reviews or ask for other people’s opinions in order to see which store has received positive feedback from its customers. In case it is a local store, you can even go to it and take a closer look at the ingredients. Talk to the supplier and see if he is a reliable and trust-worthy person and whether he is offering you original Thai ingredients or not.
Dishes you can easily prepare at homeAfter finding the right store where you can purchase the ingredients you need, it is time to prepare Thai food. Keep in mind that because this cuisine is so different from the one in your country, there are high chances that the dish might not have the same taste as it had when you tasted it in Thailand. There are many dishes from Thai cuisine that you can prepare at home and some examples are Thai crunch salad with peanut dressing, Thai ginger and sweet red chilli shrimp, crispy coconut shrimp with sweet red chilli sauce or the grilled homey, lime and sriracha chicken skewers. In order to know the recipes of these dishes, all you have to do is search for them on the Internet. However, in case you already have the recipe from when being in Thailand, you can consider yourself a lucky person and you can start cooking right away.
Once summer is here, the grilling season will start and you will have all the time in the world to spend with your loved ones at a family barbecue. To make sure you will create the perfect ambiance, you will have to keep some aspects in mind and include some items on your To do list so you won’t miss on an important detail. Here are the essential ingredients that you simply must have for a fun family barbecue.
The grillWhat would a family barbecue be without a good grill that will deliver delicious foods for all your guests? Since you will need a comfortable unit that will make little mess and will prepare a variety of grilled meat and vegetables, opt for one of the best grills 2016 units, one that creates little smoke compared to a charcoal grill and can be adapted to the needs of many types of foods. Your burgers, the steak, and your grilled veggies will be perfectly roasted on a gas grill. The best grills 2016 units come with a lot of amazing features which allow you to cook your food better. Moreover, they are easier to clean and to maintain than traditional charcoal grills.
MusicYou will enjoy your family barbecue even more if you have some music on the background to help you get into the party spirit. You don’t have to turn it very loud, just enough to make you feel more at ease will still managing to have a conversation.
GamesTo make the day funnier, you can play some games so you will stay busy and active. There are many games you can play with playing cards or rummy or you can choose to play hide and seek, football or tennis. If you have kids over, you can install a playground for them so they will have a lot of fun.
RefreshmentsMake sure you stock your garden cooler with plenty of drinks that will satisfy the tastes of all your guests. From refreshing sodas to sparkling water to cool beers, offer your friends and family everything they want to cool down in a hot summer afternoon. You can even make lemonades or cocktails if you want to create a more unique ambiance. Avoid strong alcoholic beverages because you could get sick and where is the fun in that?
A shady and relaxing placeSince the weather is going to be very hot, a shady place is mandatory if you want to feel comfortable and to enjoy your family barbecue. Set up a pergola, an umbrella or a covered patio with a sofa or comfortable chairs around a large table where all of you can sit down and enjoy your delicious grill.
An outdoor lounge area is the perfect place to enjoy your coffee in the morning or hang out with your friends on the weekends. If you want to give your back yard a more elegant vibe, and rearrange it to increase comfort and style, then you should keep a few details in mind. When it comes to creating that perfect outdoor lounge area, there are a few elements that should not miss. Luxury outdoor furniture can enhance the design of your yard, giving it a sophisticated and contemporary vibe. If you want to achieve that perfect outdoor design, then here are the most important elements you should add.
Hammocks – for the entertainment cornerHammocks have become extremely popular among outdoor designers. A hammock will not only add style to your back yard, but they are also perfect for relaxation. You will be able to enjoy sunny afternoons in the most comfortable spot in your yard. There are many designs and styles of hammocks on the market, so you will have plenty of options to choose from. The latest hammocks that have appeared, include the same traditional appealing design combined with the most comfortable, durable and modern materials. With a wide range of colors, you can choose a hammock that will match your outdoor area perfectly.
SwingsBecause no back yard is complete without a swing, this is another key element that you should not forget to include in your outdoor lounge area design. This item is ideal not only for the modern design of you yard but for comfort and relaxation as well. With a rope or cushion swing at your disposal, you will want to spend as much time outdoors as possible. Therefore, when rearranging the space of your back yard, do not forget to include a stylish swing among the other furniture items.
Decorative cushionsDecorative cushions are another must have in terms of outdoor furniture trends. Any dull outdoor sofa will instantly look ten times better if you just add a few colorful and unique cushions, of different dimensions. Even if you do not have a sofa in your backyard, the cushions will be perfect for your hammock or rocking chairs.
Outdoor rugsEven though, not many people opt to purchase an outdoor rug, this item can be a key element that will significantly improve the design of your yard. If you place a rug in your outdoor area, even one of small dimensions, you will add a fashionable vibe. Therefore, do not be afraid to add a touch of style with elements such as outdoor curtains and rugs. As you can see, there are several items that can completely change the design of a dull outdoor entertainment area. Keeping all of these aspects in mind, what you need to do next is find a reliable outdoor furniture supplier that can offer you a wide range of items, all of them of top quality. Make sure you are getting the best items for your money, and make your purchase wisely.
From children to seniors, metal detecting has become a popular hobby for people of all ages, Because this activity is both exciting and rewarding, the number of metal detector buyers has increased significantly over the last few years. If treasure hunting has caught your interest as well, then you are probably searching for the best metal detector. Because the market puts at your disposal a wide selection of these devices, you should be careful when making a purchase. Here the questions you should ask yourself before buying this machinery:
Where are you planning to use the detector?Before actually deciding to purchase this machinery, you should think about the place you could use it. Do you live near a beach or high traffic areas? The items you will find will depend on the place you will be hunting. Whether it is a fairground, a park or the beach, make sure you think about this aspect, before deciding on a device or another. The detector you will buy needs to be suitable for the hunting location. If you live close to salt water rivers or lakes, then you will need to buy a metal detector that has a waterproof housing.
How often will you be using the device?Will you be hunting on a regular basis or only on the weekends? You should be honest with yourself. If you know you will not have the chance to detect metal as often as you would want to, then you should not buy the most expensive device on the market. However, you should choose a metal detector that is built to last, one that you can use for several years to come, whenever you have some free time.
What is your maximum budget?Before moving on with your search, you should set a budget. Think about the maximum amount of money you could spend on this item. However, you should consider your expectations as well. If you are interested in finding valuable items, then you should opt for a more advance detector, which will automatically cost more money. The cheapest option you can find on the market will certainly not be useful for good findings. The metal detector can pay for itself in time, if you allocate this activity enough of your time. If you will be detecting metal only occasion for relaxation purposes, then you should not spend a fortune on this item. As you can see, you should think about a few things before deciding to purchase a metal detector. With so many brands and models on the market, it can seem rather difficult for a beginner to decide on one. If you are seriously interested in pursuing metal detecting as your next hobby, then it is necessary to purchase the best item for your money. Read a few reviews on some informative websites, and learn more about products specifications, features and performance, before making an actual purchase. With the right machinery, you can come across some valuable findings.
Those aficionados for handmade and do-it-yourself projects dream to found their own craft businesses. However, there are many things that they have to take into consideration when starting a craft business. Along with the joy of making a living from doing exactly what you love there comes some costs too. You have to pay attention when you purchase your art and craft supplies, especially when it comes to the first supply. Most beginner crafters tend to purchase more than they actually need, which might affect their profits. Besides this aspect, there are other things that you have to pay attention to when starting your own craft business and you can read about some of them below.
Purchasing too many suppliesBeginner crafters are prone to make a series of mistakes from the very beginning that will only affect their business. The most common mistake they tend to make is to purchase too many materials and supplies from the very beginning. It is recommended you start with a reduced amount of supplies at least at first. Create some products and then promote them. You should only purchase more materials after you see to what products people have showed the desired reaction. Focus more on those products in order to increase the chances to make profit, but do not neglect the other products that you have made.
Not owning a business card from the beginningThe moment you present people your business they ask for a business card. This is the second most common mistake beginners make in their business – not having a business card from the very beginning. You have to promote your craft business the moment you announce your appearance on the market, so do not be afraid of ordering some business cards. You will be surprised how quickly you will get rid of them. Many people are interested in handmade products and because most of them simply do not have the time to make these products on their own or they believe they are not talented enough, they resort to persons like you. Take advantage of this opportunity and promote your business every time you get the chance.
Not promoting your products properlyIf you are going to manage a craft business, you have to think of ways to promote it. The simplest one is related to the commonly used social networks. However, it is recommended you also invest in a professional camera in order to take high quality photos. Make sure you capture every little detail on those photos and post them on various social networks. It is generally known that most people spend many hours a day on these networks, so choosing this means of communication to make your business known to the public is both the easiest and cheapest choice. You can even create a website or a blog where you can post photos and more details about the products, such as price, sizes or anything people might be interested in. Keep these mistakes in mind and try to avoid them if you want to found your own craft business.
Living in a healthy environment is highly important, not only for you, but also for the other family members. It is crucial to keep the house as clean and healthy as possible. In the past decade, more and more people have chosen professional services of various insulation companies, but this is only one aspect people should take into account when it comes to creating a proper living environment. Websites such as http://www.gni.ca/ might be a good place to start the research in case one is looking for insulation companies. Below are other tips that people need to take into consideration in order to maintain a healthy environment.
Insulate your houseThe first thing you need to do when you move to a new house or build one from scratches is to ensure you hire an insulation company that can offer professional services. It is important to maintain heat inside the house and insulating it is the best option. It is a fact that people who insulate their houses benefit from an amount of heat that is double than the one existing in a house, which is not insulated. The reason why is because houses lose nearly half of the amount of heat through roofs and they need some “help” to maintain an optimal temperature inside.
Prevent mould growthRegardless the place where you live, be it an apartment or a big house, it is important to prevent mould installation. Mould can cause serious health problems and it can aggravate the existing ones. It is advisable to check your house every now and then, even in places that are not quite accessible, such as behind closets, beds or in places such as the attic or basement. Most people even choose to call in for a professional team in order to have their houses checked for mould. It is much easier to prevent it than to fight it the moment it has already installed in the house.
Keep it cleanIt is important to have a clean house in order to be able to live in a healthy environment. If the house is clean, you can rest assured that bugs or other pathogens would stay away from your house. Use professional household products suitable for each room of the house. Clean the house at least once a week in order to benefit from a safe and healthy place to live in.
The benefits of air-purifying plantsWhen it comes to ventilating the house, some people resort to opening the windows for at least 10 or 15 minutes every day, while others choose to install a professional ventilating system. However, the third option might be even better. You can opt for some air-purifying plants that you can place in each room in order to help you breathe in a cleaner air. Besides the fact that they maintain a good air condition, they also offer an outstanding aspect to your house and make it seem more welcoming. These plants are able to eliminate unhealthy toxins and keep the air as clean as possible.
Clay cookware has been around for millennia, but it has only recently caught the eye of the general public, when everyone became very conscious and concerned with healthy living, healthy eating, being green and so on. Ultimately, this is a great goal and switching from regular cooking and pre-cooked or even ready meals to cooking in clay is certainly a process, but it’s one worth going through. If you’re all for healthy eating, then clay pots and pans are definitely what you need, as they don’t require fat or oil for cooking and they don’t leach any chemicals or metals into your food. Make sure however that your pots are made from pure-clay, which is 100% natural clay without additives. The great thing about them is that they can be used for both the oven and the stovetop, which means you don’t need a large range of products to cook all the meals and dishes you want.
Proper Use of Clay CookwareAs beneficial as cooking in clay may be, its success also depends greatly on you caring properly for the pots. This means not only cleaning them well, but also using them correctly. Obviously, once you purchase a vessel, it will come with manufacturer’s instructions on how to use and care for it, but there are general guidelines that suit any clay cookware product. First of all, it’s important to soak the pot in cold water before using it, anywhere between fifteen and thirty minutes. You have to take this step each time you want to use the pot and not just before the first use. Then, the clay pots must always be placed in a cold oven, centred, and brought to the cooking temperature gradually.
Proper Cleaning of Clay CookwareAvoid regular dishwashing liquids when it comes to caring for a clay pot. Most manufacturers will recommend making a paste out of either salt or baking soda and water and use that to clean the cookware. Storing clay cookware is the easiest thing, just invert the lid and place it over the pot, but you might want to have cotton towel in between, to give it some breathing space around it. All of these details are important because if you do use your clay pots and pans properly and care for them as you should, they will provide a lifetime of use.
If you are looking for smart storage solutions for your workshop or any other work environment, mobile shelving might be the best option for you. Being suitable for many storage facilities, this type of systems are designed to optimise your storage capacity in an effective way. With the right mobile shelving systems, you will be able to improve productivity and benefit from a safer workplace. There are several reasons, why you should choose this storage solution.
Space efficiencyBy opting for a mobile shelving system, you might end up saving up to 80 percent of your current space and at the same time, you will significantly increase the storage capacity. If you run a warehouse for example, freeing the floor space can be a rather difficult task, but with aisle shelving you will free up a significant amount of space, which only means increased storage space. Any excess inventory will be easily stored, without affecting the stock capacity. Your inventory will be perfectly displayed without taking the entire space.
Safe environmentWhen it comes to a retail facility or a warehouse, safety is an important aspect. You can assure your employees of increased safety by replacing standard storage systems with mobile shelving ones. Any heavy loads you might need to store will be safely moved with the help of an electric input. In terms of workplace safety, a mobile shelving system offers the highest level of user protection. If your storage requirements include heavy loads, than this type of system is the best option you have.
Customisable optionsOne of the most important advantages of mobile shelving is that the system can be customised according to your personal storage needs. Storage requirements vary from one work facility to another and this is why mobile shelves are the perfect choice. If you make your purchase from the right supplier, you will be able to configure the storage system to meet your individual requirements. Mobile systems are very versatile being suitable for a wide range of workplace environments. From storing small items or records to heavy loads and boxes, mobile shelves are versatile and flexible and can be easily personalised for any work space. To be certain the system is adequate for your facility, look for a reliable supplier that can offer you customisable options.
AccessibilityRegardless of the items you need to store, accessibility is an important aspect to consider. Being able to easily reach any item you might need can improve your work productivity. In terms of accessibility, mobile aisles are the perfect choice, giving you an easy access to any stored object. Improved accessibility means improved efficiency. Therefore, before settling on a storage system or another, it is important to keep these details in mind. A mobile shelving system can bring you all the advantages you need. You can easily find affordable storage systems just by searching online. Make sure you look for high-quality shelves. Look for a supplier online that can offer you the storage solutions you need.
Modern zoology acknowledges more than 10,000 species of reptiles living on all continents except for Antarctica, and even though each of these species has unique evolutionary features, they all have one thing in common: scales. This coating that covers reptiles’ skin is a complex evolutionary feature that has been serving specific functions for millennia, adapting to environmental factors and helping reptiles survive and thrive. But what exactly are scales and why do reptiles have them? Contrary to common belief, scales are not skin. They are a distinctive feature found in all reptiles, they grow on the skin and they cannot be detached, like in the case of fish. Scales, or scutes, as they are also called, are made of keratin, a protein also found in the human body.
How did scales appear in reptiles?The earliest species of reptiles date back to 320–310 million years ago, but they did not have scales at first. This happened much later, in the Mesozoic era, when they evolved considerably and became more widespread, which is why zoologists refer to this era as The Age of Reptiles. Scales are believed to have developed in this period, as a random genetic mutation that helped reptiles adapt to the environment and protect themselves from their natural predators.
Types of scalesScales size, shape, colour, structure and function varies from species to species.
- Lizards have tubercular or overlapping keratinised scales, sometimes with bony plates underneath. Scales can be thicker or thinner depending on the area of the body.
- Snakes are completely covered in scales, which play a vital role in movement and protection. Each species of snakes has unique scales, which is one the criteria we use to identify them.
- Crocodiles & turtles have a different type of scales called scutes. These are formed in the deeper layers of the skin and serve as a sort of armour. Some birds and mammals present similar scutes on their feet and tails, leading us to believe that they share the same ancestor with crocodiles and turtles.
General functions of reptile scales
Aid movement This function is best observed in the case of snakes, which use the scales on their bellies to quickly slide on rough surfaces. Provide protection from predators This function is found in most species of reptiles and is one of the factors that has encouraged their evolution. Scales can be extremely strong, preventing predators from attacking reptiles without injuring themselves. There is even a species of non-venomous snakes whose scales perfectly resemble the pattern of a venomous snake, which keeps predators at bay. Retain water Scales serve as a water storage space for reptiles living in the desert. Thus, water does not evaporate through the skin, as it happens with many other animals. Instead, it remains under the scales, keeping reptiles cool and hydrated even in extremely hot temperatures. Enable camouflage Some reptiles, such as chameleons and geckos, are famous for using their scales to blend in with their surroundings. This evolutionary camouflage has two functions: it helps them hide from predators and also take their prey by surprise.
Why do reptiles moult their scales?Scales moulting, or ecdysis, is extremely common in the world of reptiles. Through moulting, old cells are replaced with new ones and thus the “armour” is regenerated. This is also a good way to get rid of parasites. Most species shed in flakes, but snakes shed all their scales at once. Something interesting happens in the case of rattlesnakes: when the old layer unpeels, it sticks to the end of the tail, producing the famous rattling sound that warns predators. Depending on the age of the snake, moulting can occur anywhere from one to four times a year and, when this happens, the snake is vulnerable and retreats to a safe hiding space.
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